A goalkeeper is considered to be in control of the ball with the hand(s) when: the ball is between the hands or between the hand and any surface (e.g. ground, own body) or by touching it with any part of the hands or arms except if the ball rebounds from the goalkeeper or the goalkeeper has made a save; holding the ball in the outstretched open hand
Inside this area the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with every part of their body in order to parry the ball. Additionally, several rules do not apply to the goalie inside the goal area. These rules are: the 3-second-rule (7:2), the 3-step-rule (7:3), the rule for bouncing the ball (7:4) and the multiple-touching-of-the-ball-rule (7:7).
A goalkeeper commits a handball offence if he handles the ball outside of his penalty area. However, he will only be sent off for a handball offence if he denied an obvious goal-scoring opportunity (DOGSO). If his offence was deemed to have stopped a promising attack (SPA), he would only receive a yellow card.
Football Handball Rules: Direct or Indirect Kick? Direct Free Kick: You can score by kicking the ball 'directly' into the goal. Indirect Free Kick: You cannot score 'directly' from the first kick. So, an indirect free kick must make contact with...
There will be no penalty if: the ball touches a player's hand/arm immediately from their own head/body/foot or the head/body/foot of another player. the ball touches a player's hand/arm close to ...
Even if accidental, no goals can be scored with the use of the arm or hand. Therefore the handball rules in football are more strict in attacking scenarios. It is usually a handball if: - a goal is scored by the arm/hand of an attacking player; or if the ball touches an attacking player’s hand/arm in the immediate goal-scoring build-up play. If the arm/hand gives the player an unfair advantage a handball can be called.
So if the goalkeeper handles the ball outside of the box, it's considered a foul (handball) by the goalkeeper and a free kick should be granted to the other team. Read more Handball players - how many goalkeeper here ?
Summary: The IFAB Laws of the Game defines handball as “the deliberate act of a player making contact with the ball with the hand or arm”. The goalkeeper is exempt from this rule inside their penalty area, but has the same restrictions as any other player outside their box. A ball off the shoulder is not handball.